Sunday, August 28, 2011

Ploughing Campaign

  • There was little evidence that promised reserves were going to be delivered.
  • Surveying of confiscated land began in 1878.
  • Surveyors cut lines through cultivations, fences and trample cash-crops.
  • Māori retaliated by uprooting survey pegs.
  • Then Native Minister John Sheehan rode to Parihaka to force Te Whiti to comply – He did not.
  • Sheehan reported Parihaka could only be taken by force. So Tohu evicted the surveyors.

First Resistance
  • Māori began to plough farmers’ fields in Taranaki.
  • Farmers angry – Governor (Hercules Robinson) made a special visit and “exploded with indignation.”
  • Te Whiti asserted ploughing was directed at government – not at farmers.
  • 100 armed men confronted Ploughers at Hawera – intending to shoot them. They were talked out of violence by those they had come to shoot.

The Empire Strikes Back
  • June 29 1879 Armed Constabulary start arresting ploughmen.
  • Te Whiti said that those with greatest mana should be the first to plough.
  • This led to the arrest of many prominent Māori.
  • By August 200 people had been arrested.
  • British were facing prospect that there wouldn’t be enough room to hold them all.
  • On August 10th Te Whiti agreed to a truce.

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